Global Ag News for Jan 3.23
Sovecon raises 2022/23 Russian wheat export forecast
Sovecon, a leading Black Sea agricultural markets research firm focused on Russia and Ukraine, has increased its 2022/23 Russian wheat export forecast by 0.2 million tonnes to 44.1 million tonnes, it said on Friday.
Sovecon expects record or near-record monthly export volumes in the second half of the July-June season. Shipments will be supported by relatively high global prices, the weakening of the rouble, and the pressure of record stocks on the domestic market.
FUTURES & WEATHER
Wheat prices overnight are up 18 in SRW, up 21 1/2 in HRW, up 24 3/4 in HRS; Corn is down 1; Soybeans up 7 3/4; Soymeal up $1.25; Soyoil down 2.29.
Markets finished last week with wheat prices up 29 3/4 in SRW, up 22 in HRW, up 16 1/2 in HRS; Corn is up 18; Soybeans up 52; Soymeal up $2.27; Soyoil up 0.06.
Markets finished last year up 3% in SRW, up 11% in HRW, down -4% in HRS; Corn is up 14%; Soybeans up 14%; Soymeal up 16%; Soyoil up 13%.
Chinese Ag futures (MAR 23) Soybeans up 51 yuan; Soymeal up 44; Soyoil unchanged; Palm oil up 20; Corn up 9 — Malaysian palm oil prices overnight were up 79 ringgit (+1.89%) at 4253.
There were changes in registrations (93 Soybeans, -88 Soymeal). Registration total: 2,788 SRW Wheat contracts; 0 Oats; 154 Corn; 181 Soybeans; 993 Soyoil; 59 Soymeal; 310 HRW Wheat.
Preliminary changes in futures Open Interest as of December 30 were: SRW Wheat down 2,275 contracts, HRW Wheat up 2,326, Corn up 7,841, Soybeans up 4,565, Soymeal up 3,439, Soyoil down 1,524.
Brazil Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Rio Grande do Sul and Parana: Scattered showers north Tuesday-Wednesday. Mostly dry Thursday-Saturday. Temperatures near normal through Wednesday, near to below normal Thursday-Saturday. Mato Grosso, MGDS and southern Goias: Scattered showers through Saturday. Temperatures near normal through Saturday.
Argentina Grains & Oilseeds Forecast: Cordoba, Santa Fe, Northern Buenos Aires: Isolated showers Tuesday. Mostly dry Wednesday-Saturday. Temperatures near to below normal Tuesday-Wednesday, near to above normal Thursday, above normal Friday-Saturday. La Pampa, Southern Buenos Aires: Mostly dry through Saturday. Temperatures near to below normal Tuesday-Wednesday, near to above normal Thursday, above normal Friday-Saturday.
The player sheet for Dec. 30 had funds: net buyers of 7,500 contracts of SRW wheat, sellers of 500 corn, buyers of 3,500 soybeans, buyers of 7,000 soymeal, and sellers of 5,000 soyoil.
- SOYBEAN SALE: Private exporters reported the sale of 186,000 tonnes of soybeans to unknown destinations for delivery in the 2022/23 marketing year, the U.S. Agriculture Department said.
- RICE TENDER: South Korea’s state-backed Agro-Fisheries & Food Trade Corp. issued an international tender to purchase an estimated 113,460 tonnes of rice to be sourced from the United States. The deadline for submissions of price offers is Dec. 29.
Ukraine’s Grain Exports Drop 32% Y/y in Season So Far
Ukrainian grain exports in the season that began July 1 totaled 22.8m tons as of Monday, down 32% y/y, according to the Agriculture Ministry.
- Total includes:
- 8.4m tons of wheat, down 48% y/y
- 1,6m tons of barley, down 70% y/y
- 12.6m tons of corn, up 9% y/y
WHEAT/CEPEA: Brazil may become an important global exporter
Brazil can become an important player in global wheat trades in 2023. Currently, the country is a major importer, but the sector can take advantage of the opportunities brought by the lower supply in Argentina and logistical problems at the Black Sea and increase its participation in world shipments. Projections indicate that Brazil may become the 10th biggest exporter of wheat in the 2022/23 season.
Although the 2022/23 wheat supply continues to move up for the fourth year in a row, global stocks may reduce for the third consecutive season. In the last three crops, while the world consumption increased 5.8%, the production rose by 2.5%. In the same period, global transactions increased 8.5%. As a result, the stock/consumption relation may change to 34.1%, the lowest since 2014/15.
As for this season (the harvest has finished in the Northern Hemisphere, while it is about to finish in the South), the USDA forecasts a reduction in the production for the European Union, India, Pakistan, Ukraine and Argentina. In global terms, the supply is expected to increase 0.2%, at 780.6 million tons.
On the other hand, due to covid-19, high prices and the competition with corn, the wheat demand from China, India, Iran, Ukraine and the US may be limited. Therefore, in world terms, the demand is expected to total 789.5 million tons, 0.5% less than in the crop before. Still, global transactions are likely to increase almost 2%, at 208.6 million tons, representing 26.2% of the world production, the biggest relation in history.
As a result, contracts with due dates up to the first semester of 2024 are firm at CME Group, indicating that the market needs another good crop in 2023/24 to balance global inventories.
In Argentina, the production is forecast so far at 12.5 million tons, the lowest since 2013/14, affected by unfavorable weather conditions. Therefore, Argentina is likely to export only 7.5 million tons, against 16.3 million tons in the last season.
As for Brazil, according to Conab, due to the big crop, shipments may total 3 million tons (from August/22 to July/23), 1.5% below that verified in the last season – however, these numbers are likely to be readjusted. Conab says imports may total 6.1 million tons between August/22 and July/23, 0.3% more than in the previous crop.
This year has started with one of the highest volumes available in history. It is an important scenario, since international prices are high and Brazil may face difficulties to import wheat in the first semester.
Brazil may continue producing more wheat in 2023, specially because of high prices in both domestic and international markets. Thus, the volume imported to meet the domestic demand may continue reducing, while the exportable surplus is expected to increase.
Brazil Planted Area May Double Without Clearings: Ag. Minister
Brazil’s new government will open doors for sustainable agriculture production through rising investments, says the new Agriculture Minister Carlos Favaro.
- If Brazil’s planted area increase by 5% a year over degraded pastures, the nation may double its grain area in 20 years without killing a single tree, he says on its first speech at the post
- From 30m to 40m hectares of damaged pastures may be used for agriculture applying technology
- Favaro says he’ll work to rebuild relations with global community that have been hurt by the disrespect to the environment
- We’ll have the world’s most sustainable agriculture production”
- Fighting hunger in Brazil will be the ministry’s first challenge
- Minister also has the goal to pacify the relation between President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva’s government and agribusiness, which massively supported the reelection of Jair Bolsonaro
- Agriculture Ministry will develop policies for small, medium and big farmers
Argentina FX Devaluation Spurred 6.4m Tons of Soybean Trades
A five-week currency devaluation that expired on Dec. 30 spurred farmers to sell 6.4m metric tons of soybeans to crushers and exporters, according to the Buenos Aires Grain Exchange.
- NOTE: It was the second temporary devaluation for farmers after a similar measure in September
- Soy crushers/exporters sold $3.16b on the FX market during the program
Argentina 2023 Crop Exports Seen Bringing $33.4b to Central Bank
Crop exporters are forecast to sell $33.4b on the FX market in 2023, compared to $44.1b this year, the Rosario Board of Trade said in a weekly newsletter.
- The forecast is preliminary and could easily change depending on how weather conditions affect production
- In 2021 crop exporters sold $38.1b, the first time the figure had surpassed $30b since 2012
Malaysia’s Dec. 1-31 Palm Oil Exports 1,456,986 Tons: Amspec
Shipments fall 2.8% m/m from 1,498,862 tons exported during Nov. 1-30, according to AmSpec Agri.
- Full-year exports drop 6.65% to 15.43m tons y/y
Brazil’s new ag minister to develop USDA-like agency
Brazil’s incoming agriculture minister plans to turn the national supply and statistics agency Conab into a body akin to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Reuters reported after speaking with the minister by phone on Friday.
Carlos Favaro, who will take office on Monday, also said the government will resume stockpiling food staples like corn, rice and beans to fight hunger in Brazil, a major food exporter, using Conab as the agency to execute that policy.
Favaro said overhauling Conab is a priority. That means turning it into “an information agency” that will put out crucial data to guide market agents and government actions going forward.
In a short period of time, he said, Conab would begin releasing reports on crop inventories, forward sales, weather forecasts and export flow data, which it currently does not.
“It is important for the industry to know how much grain is available,” he said citing lack of information on export flows and existing grain stocks. “Conab reports are for crop forecasts only.”
Regarding the plan to resume stocking up on corn, rice and beans, Favaro noted the government’s reserves were depleted, representing a threat to food security.
“It is shameful that Brazil is a record food producer while people are queuing up to buy bones and going hungry,” he said.
Shoring up the government’s food stocks, supporting crop sales and improving Brazil’s infrastructure capabilities will also help grain processors in times of scare supplies, he added.
Brazil is a mass producer of commodities like soybeans and corn, which are partly exported and partly processed internally to make livestock feed.
Under Favaro’s plan, the new government will also be able to at least double the budget for agriculture research agency Embrapa.
He said Embrapa’s research priorities will include developing technologies to reduce on-farm carbon emissions and new fertilizer offerings to reduce Brazil’s import dependence, among others.
US Beef Production Falls 3% This Week, Pork Up: USDA
US federally inspected beef production falls to 456m pounds for the week ending Dec. 31 from 470m in the previous week, according to USDA estimates published on the agency’s website.
- Cattle slaughter down 2.7% from a week ago to 547m head
- Pork production up 22.9% from a week ago, hog slaughter rises 22.7%
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